Articles in Coronal Mass Ejection
Although almost every 2012er focused on the end date of the Long Count calendar, few considered that it might be related to a cyclical phenomena. Even though every ancient Meso-American calendar is/was cyclical…
It has become muddled, but according to the ancient Maya and Aztec peoples, we are currently in either the 4th or 5th age/sun – representing a repeating process. Unless you believe in Gods that rule our fate, it must be a natural process. A prime candidate is of course the Sun. Our Sun. We haven’t been studying it long enough to know if it has any patterns beyond the 11-12 year solar cycle. But given its extraordinary lifespan, and natural processes, a large-scale pattern of activity wouldn’t be so surprising.
Evidence of solar activity is lacking in written records, but fortunately we do have evidence existing in tree rings – traces of Carbon-14 and Beryllium-10.
In 2012 scientist Fusa Miyake …
The Northern Lights have just been seen as far south as Iowa, Nebraska and Maryland in the United States which, relative to Europe, are about as far South as southern Spain and the Mediterranean.
A double CME from a sunspot on Saturday caused auroras like the photograph above from South Dakota (more at Daily Mail). And the one below is from Victoria, Australia (more at Universe Today). Truly unusual, but nothing compared to how widespread auroras were during the Carrington Event. Any time you see auroras somewhere that doesn’t usually get them – your power grid could be failing. Pretty skies, scary consequences.
Patrick Geryl has shared with me his predictions for the remainder of 2012. They revolve around planetary alignments with the Sun. For example:
October 13, 2012: Conjunction Mercury – Mars and the Sun
Opposition Venus – Pluto across the Sun (weak)
October 13 -14, 2012: Triple Line Up: Pluto – Mercury – Venus
Conclusion: X flare possible.
Head Principle for Large Solar Storms
Large solar storms are induced by 3 planets heliocentrically aligned with the Sun. This means that the center of the combined planets has to go through the center of the Sun. A conjunction of 3 planets is the most powerful.
Extra strength will be delivered if one, two or three groups of 3 other planets line up with each other. The strongest strength will be delivered if they start to line up in the 3 preceding days before the crucial alignment with the top on the day itself. We call this a Triple …
The above trailer is for a TV series in development. Here’s the official synopsis for The Carrington Event:
Joseph Carrington runs an organic mini-farm on the outskirts of a large, southern town. His rustic lifestyle means he is a bit removed from his family: his wife has spent the last decade pursuing a career in pediatrics; his teenage daughter, Tracy, wants nothing more than to be moving on with her life in a big city; his 10-year-old son has been raised on television, video games and abundance.
It´s a typical day of drama and duties when a solar storm cuts power to the farm. Soon after they discover that all electricity and communications in town are at total blackout as well: Cell phones do not connect, battery powered radios get only static, nothing is transmitting from television networks. There is no way of knowing what is happening outside their encapsulated environment, except …
There are several doom’n’gloom news services out there that report every solar flare as if it will cause the end of the world.
SpaceWeather.com has informed us:
Departing sunspot 1402 unleashed an X2-class solar flare today, Jan. 27th, at 18:37 UT.
Now X-class flares are the worst, but they range from X1 to X9:
X-class flares are big; they are major events that can trigger planet-wide radio blackouts and long-lasting radiation storms. M-class flares are medium-sized; they can cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth’s polar regions. Minor radiation storms sometimes follow an M-class flare. Compared to X- and M-class events, C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.
To put today’s flare in perspective, this is from SolarHam.com:
The latest solar flare ranks # 7 in the list of strongest solar flares during Cycle 24. Below is the updated list showing flare size, date, year and sunspot number.
X6.9 – August 9 2011 (1263)
X2.2 – February …
Thailand is now 1/3 under water due to the worsening floods. This map shows the affected area (might take a little while to load).
Up to 20 million tons of debris from the Japanese tsunami in March will eventually be washed ashore on the west coast of the USA, and will start arriving in three years. The debris includes TVs, fridges and shipping boats. Expect beachcombing to become a boom hobby!
Half of the USA got to see the northern lights last Monday, thanks to a coronal mass ejection (CME) from the Sun. The pic below is from Norway, more recent pics are at SpaceWeather.com
It was only a medium-sized flare, but still the biggest we’ve seen since 2006. It wasn’t aimed directly at us, but will be near enough to perhaps create some nice auroras in the next day or so.
The video is even more dramatic:
The biggest solar flare in four years has sent charged particles hurtling towards Earth. ABC News says:
The radiation from Monday’s flare, known as a Coronal Mass Ejection, should pass the Earth today, Friday and Saturday. The charged particles will speed by at some 560 miles per second.
…What makes this storm interesting, said Joe Kunches of the Space Weather Prediction Center, is that there were actually three flares in succession — and radiation from the last and biggest of them is travelling faster than the particles from the first two.
“What’s the effect of the triple punch?” said Kunches. “Stay tuned.” Outbursts such as the current one are actually quite common, scientists say. But modern technology can be sensitive to solar storms; scientists say satellites, power grids and communications networks can suffer outages.
The worst that we can expect would be pagers not working, some minor power blackouts, planes on polar routes changing course, …
This just in from SpaceWeather.com:
Sunspot 1158 has unleashed the strongest solar flare in more than four years. The eruption, which peaked at 0156 UT on Feb. 15th, registered X2 on the Richter scale of solar flares… X-flares are the strongest type of solar flare, and this is the first such eruption of new Solar Cycle 24. In addition to flashing Earth with UV radiation, the explosion also hurled a coronal mass ejection (CME) in our direction…. Geomagnetic storms are likely when the CME arrives ~48 hours hence.
A giant eruption (aka CME) on the far side of the Sun has some 2012ers bracing for the worst. Odds are everything will be OK, but this is one of those weeks in which the SH might hit TF. And we’ve just had a 7.0 earthquake in the Loyalty Islands.
Might be nothing – but the trend is that our Sun is becoming the predominant game player…
I don’t report all of these, because typically they amount to nothing of consequence. But there’s always the possibility of a CME causing us direct harm, and many believe that they can trigger earthquakes. This from Space Weather:
This morning around 0855 UT, Earth orbiting satellites detected a C3-class solar flare. The origin of the blast was sunspot 1092. At about the same time, an enormous magnetic filament stretching across the sun’s northern hemisphere erupted…
In short, we have just witnessed a complex global eruption involving almost the entire Earth-facing side of the sun.
A coronal mass ejection (CME) produced by the event is heading directly for Earth. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras when it arrives on or about August 3rd.