Articles in Megaliths
Many, many people have tried to work out why the ancient Mayan Long Count calendar ends in 2012. Relatively few people have investigated why it began in 3114 BC. This date is long before the existence of the Maya, and even the Olmec.
So what sorts of things were happening around the date of 3114 BC?
In Egypt the Pharoanic age began with Narmer, (aka Menes – the Scorpion King), who became ruler at roughly 3100 BC. He unified Egypt.
The current age of the Hindu religion, Kali Yuga, began in 3102 BC.
3100 BC is when the first stage of Stonehenge was constructed, as well as the first stage of Newgrange. And the Tarxien Temples of Malta were also built at the same time.
Unifying these events is the longevity of the ages and constructions. The Pharoanic Age lasted 3000 years, and the Mayan & Hindu ages are still running, and still known. All …
I’ve often thought that Silbury Hill was unappreciated in the greater scheme of ancient mysteries. Primarily because it is just a hill. Yet when you look at the figures, it was quite an achievement for its era (massive pyramids and mounds worldwide):
8 million man-hours
or 500 men working for 15 years
40 metres high
248,000 cubic metres of soil
After thorough excavations, the Marlborough mound is now thought to be around 4,400 years old, making it roughly contemporary with the nearby, and far more renowned, Silbury Hill.
It was built at a time that many other major structures were created, suggesting either a unified force or at least a connection between societies. I’m hoping this news will help uncover a new system/pattern, especially considering Howden Hill is exactly due east of Silbury Hill. Read more at Julian Cope’s Modern Antiquarian, and/or Stone Circles.
This CNN video lets us know that there are lots of Chinese folk living in old, underground shelters. The question – is this a sign that the Chinese Govt. deems shelters unnecessary, or is it true that they plan on evicting the residents?
The Large Hadron Collider was due to shut down at the end of this year, so that scientists could prepare it to operate at full power. This has now been changed, and the LHC will continue operating in 2012, still only using half of its capabilities. For some people this will be a relief!
Few have heard of the Mzora stone circle, so the article about it at Heritage Action is worth sharing around. Found in remote Morocco, it has many similarities to Celtic circles, including the use of the “megalithic yard”. It could end up being an important clue in discovering the origins of megaliths, especially when combined …
My proposition is that megaliths and pyramids were typically built under the instruction of “mysterious elders”, who were only temporarily involved with each culture they helped. This, to me, is the most logical explanation for why these construction abilities vanished from every culture that built such structures. A new study confirms the lack of consistent building, in Europe:
Rather than a single “megalithic” culture stretching across Europe, the outburst of mound tombs likely represents an idea reaching local cultures, he suggests, which then “stopped and started” across the centuries.
I do accept that the other possibility is that building megaliths “seemed like a good idea at the time”, but subsequently they failed to achieve what was expected. In the modern era we have plenty of fads, so why not back then as well? But megaliths (and pyramids) are more than just fads, for they have high levels of knowledge and expertise attached …
I was just watching a documentary (Standing With Stones) on the stone circles and burial chambers of Ireland, and they started off with Carrowmore in County Sligo. It seems that the very first standing stones and burial chambers in Ireland were “dolmen circles”, and the ones in Carrowmore date to between 4300 and 3500 BC, and possibly even as far back as 5400 BC.
These dolmen circles consist of a dolmen with 5 orthostats and 1 capstone creating a burial chamber in the shape of a pentagon. Enclosing each dolmen is one or two circles of 30-40 boulders.
As the documentary shows, the final dolmen at Carrowmore became fully enclosed, establishing a trend towards bigger & bigger burial mounds and eventually massive passage tombs like Newgrange.
What interests me the most is that these boulder circles are quite likely the first ever stone circles, and that means they originally were used …
In a recent documentary on Stonehenge I was surprised to learn that even though there were houses and facilities for large gatherings, most of the year nobody was home.
To me this sounded a bit odd, surely there would be guards to keep out squatters?
I now think there were, because it has been determined a large timber fence ran for 2 miles protecting the monument from one direction. Experts are saying it was to stop prying eyes from seeing rituals, others say it was to keep out drifting snow. While it may have served both of those purposes, I think it was more akin to the Berlin Wall – a year round barrier that could be manned by a handful of soldiers, regardless of whether there was a ritual happening or not.
Simon Fraser University’s David Burley says his latest finds from the Nukuleka archeological site on one of Tonga’s southern islands shows it was the principal “founding settlement” of Polynesia about 2,800 years ago, and endured long enough for a genetically and culturally distinctive people to evolve and begin spreading across the immense “Polynesian triangle” bounded by Hawaii in the north, New Zealand in the southwest and fabled Easter Island in the far southeast, not far from the coast of South America.
So you’d expect Tonga to have a pyramid or ancient structures of some type. Like Tonga-Tabu, 2 pillars 4.88 meters high, weighing approx. 50 tons, supporting a 5.79 meter lintel:
And don’t forget the “burial mounds” which are actually short step pyramids using megalithic blocks: