Articles in DNA
My 2012 studies began with Graham Hancock’s Fingerprints of the Gods, where he suggested that ancient cataclysms may have destroyed advanced civilizations, and that 2012 could be a prediction for the same again.
So while thinking about a global cataclysm 12,000 years ago, I pondered over why it was only recently that humans started achieving stuff – if anatomically modern humans have been around for 200,000 years, why did we only start acting modern 12,000 years ago? And then I thought about Neanderthals, and the Biblical Nephilim, and how all the human fossils that have ever been found could fit into the back of a pickup truck. And I wondered whether dragons and unicorns were once real…
…and it struck me that evolution occurred 12,000 years ago. Evolution occurs in more ways than bones can express.
The cause is unknown. It might have been purely a physical disaster, where a decimation of the …
I’m always on the lookout for new forms of data storage, because it is important that knowledge is retained beyond any global disaster. Not only is this a marvelous new method, but it also suggests either in the past (alien intervention anyone?) or the future knowledge might be stored in living creatures or plants.
When it comes to storing information, hard drives don’t hold a candle to DNA. Our genetic code packs billions of gigabytes into a single gram. A mere milligram of the molecule could encode the complete text of every book in the Library of Congress and have plenty of room to spare.
…an inkjet printer embeds short fragments of chemically synthesized DNA onto the surface of a tiny glass chip. To encode a digital file, researchers divide it into tiny blocks of data and convert these data not into the 1s and 0s of typical digital storage media, but rather into …
Heath nuts tend to be keen on antioxidants, and there are plenty of products out there that mention the benefits in their advertisements. They now seem to be of potential value to survivalists – taking a combination of antioxidants prior to having an CT scan reduced DNA damage by 50%:
In our initial small study, we found that pre-administering to patients a proprietary antioxidant formulation resulted in a notable dose-dependent reduction in DNA injury…
According to New Scientist (April 2, 2011) the formula included vitamin C, glutathione and uric acid. I can see this research leading the way towards experiments on mice to show which antioxidants can protect us in the event of a nuclear disaster.
If you look at the DNA of the natives of Easter Island, and exclude whose ancestors interbred with Europeans (who arrived in 1722), then you’ll find most of the genes point to a colonization from Asia. But some have the HLA genes found only in Native Americans. See New Scientist, June 2011.
Island legends describe an invasion from the West by a red-haired, long-eared race. The “short-ears” became the slaves of the “long-ears”, and the statues are of the long-ears. It has been speculated that the long-ears were European (due the the red hair), and they may be, but these mysterious elders seem to have arrived via South America. The DNA news presents two possibilities – is it from the long-ears, or is from slaves they brought over from the Americas? I figure it was the latter.
A third possibility is the ancient Americans walked there, although the timeline doesn’t really fit.
I’m a fan of panspermia, particularly the idea the mushroom spores traveled to Earth and gave humans a little extra something. The concept was given a real boost this week with news that components of DNA, nucleobases, have been found in meteorites:
In laboratory experiments, Callahan and colleagues showed how the nucleobases could have formed inside meteorites. Simple chemical reactions involving ammonia, water and hydrogen cyanide — all ingredients found in meteorites — produced the wide range of nucleobases the scientists found in the space rocks.
…Scientists have also found other building blocks of life — most notably amino acids, the links that form proteins — inside meteorites.
While Bernstein said that it’s impossible to discern whether the first life on Earth was built on chemicals that fell from the sky, that possibility is now stronger. “These molecules are at the core of [life’s] blueprints,” Bernstein said of the nucleobases. “It’s possible that …
By using nine different genes, and real genetic data (instead of estimates) new research suggests that just 70 people crossed the Bering Strait 12-14K years ago. This means that the wiping out of megafauna in North America, especially the mammoths, is now less likely to have been by human hands. Therefore the odds of a cataclysm being responsible have now increased. More at the Daily Mail.
In the USA there appears to have been a dramatic increase in the number of electrical transformers exploding. These news items could become this year’s sinkholes – weird everyday events getting highlighted a lot in blogs and forums. My take on it is that the increase in the Sun’s activity combined with the extra strain on the US power grid since the last solar peak is the culprit. This would mean that any major solar storms in the next few years are still a major risk …
First of all, I severely doubt HRH Prince Charles is a 2012er, and although I respect his principles, I never thought I would write a blog post about him. But today it crossed my mind that perhaps he has a role to play in the peripheral topics of 2012. He has written a book called Harmony: A New Way of Looking at Our World, and it covers the general idea of how modern society is no longer in tune with nature. In itself, that is not especially interesting – many people have written similar books. But as the Huffington Post reports, the book also covers sacred geometry!
They made a building that offers us the direct experience of what the ancients held to be our true relationship with the world. To walk around within its soaring pillars and to bask in the gentle light that pours through its exquisite windows is …
This is breaking news, and could be important one day. The “hobbits” were similar, but more of a curiosity. This new fossil, nicknamed “Woman X“, might have lived as recently as 30,000 years ago, making her a contemporary of ourselves and the Neanderthals.
Just as Neanderthals could theoretically live amongst us without us realizing they are a different species, so could this new strain. Speculating further, this could be representative of the civilization that gave us the Long Count calendar. An additional speculation could find them living amongst us today…
If there are any “mysterious elders” amongst us today, perhaps they are suddenly disappearing, rather than risk a DNA match….
Previously I have mentioned the amazing seed vault in Norway, that seemingly offers plants a better chance of surviving a cataclysm than humans have.
Other places to find species kept safe include:
Native Seeds – 2000 plant varieties in Tucson, USA.
Ambrose Monell Cryo Collection – houses a million frozen tissue samples representing the DNA of a wide range of animal species. Located in New York City.
Millennium Seed Bank Project – large underground frozen vaults in West Sussex, UK, preserving the world’s largest collection of seeds. Now has over 1 billion seeds stored. Aiming to cover 24,000 species of plants, approximately 10% of all existing dry land flora.
According to Discover magazine, “blue eyes have their hue because of a single genetic mutation that occurred fewer than 10,000 years ago in one individual and swept rapidly through the European population…”
The most likely cause of the mutation spreading would be that individual having lots of children…
Various theories vaguely related to 2012 include ancient races known by names such as the Watchers, Angels, Annunaki, Atlanteans, Nephilim and so on. They are generally depicted as either being lizard-like, or Elvish (think LOTR).
Could this mutation have come from one of these speculative races? If so, what was their relation with humans? Did this individual just happen to have lots of children with human partners, or were the conceptions forced, or even experimental in nature?
Food for thought.
Can mutation really lead to the evolution of new species?
Yes. Several species of abalone shellfish have evolved due to mutations in the protein “key” on the surface of sperm that binds to a “lock” on the surface of eggs. This might appear impossible, but it turns out that some eggs are prepared to be penetrated by deviant sperm. The same thing can happen in fruit flies, and likely in many other groups too. In yeasts, the mutations that led to some new species forming have not only been identified, they have even been reversed.
Organisms do not always hang about waiting for a helpful mutation to occur. For instance, the parasite that causes sleeping sickness has thousands of spare genes for its coat proteins, which it mixes and matches to generate new coats faster than its host’s immune system can keep up.
More controversially, a few biologists think some microbes may have …
Found this at The Scientist. Seems even after DNA has been changed, planst can revert back to the DNA of their ancestors:
She had found that a mutant Arabidopsis plant could “fix itself” back to the wild-type and take on the genetics of its grandparents. That seemed to contradict the laws of Mendelian inheritance.
It all sounds very similar to current Windows software that saves a snapshot of your system, and lets you rollback to those settings if something bad happens – like catching a computer virus
According to this theory, somewhere in the plant cells exists an RNA copy of ancestral DNA, sequences of which the plants can tap and randomly substitute into their own DNA, accounting for the reversion. Of course, Gregor Mendel’s law of segregation states that offspring inherit two alleles for one trait, one allele from each parent. That means there’s a linear relationship of inheritance between parent and …
Inhabiting shallow coastal waters, sea squirts form colonies of genetically identical individuals. Ram Reshef and Yuval Rinkevich of the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa and colleagues took fragments of blood vessels from the animals and watched under a microscope.
Out of 95 fragments they examined, 80 underwent whole body regeneration (WBR). Cells first grouped into hollow spheres, then cell layers in-folded and organs developed until after two weeks an adult sea squirt had grown, capable of sexual reproduction.
If a lesser being like a Sea Squirt can have that level of control over their body (or the other way around), I see no reason why Humans cannot select DNA repair in a beneficial manner…
I’ve been saying for a long time that a bombardment of cosmic rays would cause high rates of mutations in humans, but our bodies are capable of repairing DNA damage, and can choose which damage to leave unfixed. That’s correct – choose.
Now supporting evidence has arrived:
Barkai and her team discovered a sort of “risk distribution law” for evolution. They found that a genetic “phrase” that regularly shows up in the promoter region of genes (the bit of genetic code responsible for activating the gene) contains a key to gene conservation: The expression of a gene that contains the sequence TATA in its promoter is more likely to have evolved than that of a gene that does not have TATA in its promoter.
In other words, the level of risk appears to written in the gene code, in a way that’s similar to financial risk analysis: When the cost of error is …