- The Aquatic Ape Theory
 - Pyramids as Cosmic Ray Shelters


 - The Bast Theory

the book

Why 2012?
 - Introduction
 - Mayan Calendar
 - Fractal Time / I Ching
 - Galactic Alignment

Cataclysm? How?
 - Maybe Eta Carinae?

 - Introduction / Ouroboros
Africa / Scandic / Babylon
The Americas
Ancient Greece & China
DNA & the I Ching
Were Dragons Real?

Nazca Lines
 - General Info
 - Who created them?
 - What do they mean?
 - Belt of Orion?
 - Other geoglyphs

Pole Shifts
 - Opposing Views
 - Velikovsky
 - How could they Shift?
 - Hapgood and Bowles
 - Evidence Part I
 - Evidence Part II

Global Pyramids
 - Middle East / Africa
 - The Americas
 - Europe
 - Asia and Pacific

Patrick Geryl
 - 2012 Polar Reversal
 - North Becomes South

As well as...
 - Cosmic Rays
 - 2012: Year of the Dragon

Einstein supported both Hapgood and Velikovsky


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The greatest flood to be accepted by orthodox science may be the deluge of 14,000 years ago[†] in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia.

 "It was an event that's very hard to describe- because nothing comparable has ever been seen by people," says Victor Baker, a geologist at the University of Arizona.  "It's the largest flood we can document in the fossil record."  At its height, he says, the water may have been 1,500 feet deep, racing along the Chuja River valley at 90 miles an hour.

Baker had been working with Alexey Rudoy, a Siberian geologist, who had argued for years that only massive flooding could have formed the oddly rippled terrain and giant bars of gravel found in the Chuja Valley and nearby regions - not glaciers, as was commonly believed. 

"Near the end of the last ice age, they say, a glacier crawled out of a valley perpendicular to the Chuja Valley and cut across the latter, effectively damming it and creating a lake nearly 3,000 feet deep that held 200 cubic miles of water.  Eventually that ice dam broke the lake either burst through the dam or lifted the entire glacier. Water rushed into the narrow river valley at the rate of 640 million cubic feet per second, in a deluge that probably lasted several days."

The Chuja Valley flood was just the largest of numerous ice-age inundations, says Baker.  "Even the English Channel has been attributed by some to late-glacial catastrophic flood erosion," he says, "though it hasn't been proven."[34]

 This is just a small portion of my online book, Survive 2012 - a look into possible ways our world might end, and how to survive. Available in bookstores sometime before 2012, fingers-crossed...

Meanwhile in North America:

The Missoula Floods, 16,000-14,000 years ago (Pleistocene)

Did you know that the largest floods to occur on the planet happened here? During the last ice age, ice sheets covered much of Canada. One lobe of ice grew southward, blocking the Clark Fork Valley in Idaho. This 2,000 foot (600 meters) high ice dam blocked the river, creating a lake that stretched for hundreds of miles. When the lake was full, it contained 600 cubic miles (2,500 cubic kilometers) of water. How much is that? Imagine a block of water a mile high (as high as the mountains around Bonneville Dam), a miles wide, and stretching from Bonneville Dam to San Francisco!

Eventually, water traveled under the ice dam. The water drained out of the lake in two or three days, flooding eastern Washington. The flood, moving up to sixty miles per hour, scoured out hundreds of miles of canyons called coulees, created the largest waterfall to ever exist, and left 300 foot (90 meter) high gravel bars. At Bonneville, the water crested at 650 feet (200 meters). If you look on the cliffs southeast of the dam, you will see a transmission tower (the one with three poles) that is 200 feet (60 meters) above the high water mark.

During a period of 2,500 years as many as 100 of these floods scoured the Gorge.

The source of this information is from a page at a U.S. Government website.  It details the (orthodox) geologic history of the Columbia River Gorge.  Like the Siberian flood, scientists describe a glacier that blocks a valley and creates a dam.  However the trapped water does not freeze, it slowly builds up then bursts through the barrier of ice.  This is apparently the only non-catastrophic, gradual situation they can think of! 

Prior to the catastrophic floods, albeit 12-40 million years prior, this district was also host to a spectacular amount of volcanic activity.  They state that 41,000 cubic miles (170,000 cubic kilometres) of lava spread to cover large parts of Oregon and Washington.  This is enough to cover the entire continental USA with at least 12 metres of lava!!  Elsewhere[35], sections of lava in the Columbia River area have been estimated to be 3,500 metres thick!!

If we were to disregard the dating of these events, then we have two obvious after-effects of a pole shift, one occurring directly on top of the other.


An event as catastrophic as a pole shift would undoubtedly create an increase in volcanic activity.  In fact, I suspect that every volcano along the “line of most movement” would have exploded.  Evidence of past lava flows indicate that our current level of volcanic activity is very low, a mere whimper.  In my opinion, there has been a gradual decline of activity over the last 10,000 years, as the earth’s crust has settled into its new position, and the volcanoes have slowly died down.

A shift of the crust would require some stretching and contracting due to the equatorial bulge.  Any section of the crust that moved into the area of the equator would have to stretch to accommodate the bulge.  On the other side of the equator, where section of the crust were moving away, there would be contraction.  Distortions of this magnitude would give us the “fire” element so often part of the flood myths – volcanoes.

"In Arizona, New Mexico and southern California there are very fresh looking volcanic formations.  The lava flow in the valley of the San Jose River in New Mexico is so fresh that it lends support to Indian traditions of a “river of fire” in this locality."[36]

Ten thousand years ago, volcanoes were active everywhere.  Listed here are the active areas of the southern hemisphere:[37]




Great Rift Valley


Indian Ocean




New Hebrides

Bismarck Sea

New Guinea

New Zealand

Solander Islands


      N Queensland

      SE NSW

      West Victoria



      S. Ant. Peninsula

      Ellsworth Land

      Marie Byrd Land

The Andes (entire)

Brazil – Mato Grasso

Chile (800 volcanoes)

The northern hemisphere covers pretty much everywhere except Europe.

As we can see, Chile alone had more active volcanoes back then, than the 500 the entire globe has today.  Volcanoes are so sensitive that we can assume the majority of them would erupt during a pole shift situation.  Our atmosphere would be filled with dust and the sun would effectively disappear from view for a few years.  An example of this is the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 – this single volcano lowered the mean earth temperature by about 1ºC for several years[38], and many parts of the world lost an entire growing season.  With hundreds of volcanoes erupting at once our planet would be plunged into winter, with the new poles freezing over rapidly. 

The amount of dust in the air, and corresponding lack of sunlight caused by a pole shift is unpredictable, but even a layman can guess that it would be many, many times more severe than the explosion of Krakatoa.  A number of doomsday researchers have pointed out how the dust would create a tragic, incredibly cold period.  However, the severity may well be offset in part by the carbon dioxide that volcanoes produce.  While dust will stop the sun’s rays from entering our atmosphere, carbon–dioxide will stop heat from escaping, the much discussed “greenhouse effect”.  Carbon dioxide also stimulates plant growth, but only when there is sunlight as well. The climate following a pole shift is very difficult to predict.  Prepare for anything.

Volcanic Gases.  All magmas contain dissolved gases that are released during and between eruptive episodes.  These gases are predominately steam, followed in abundance by carbon dioxide, compounds of sulfur and chlorine, and lesser amounts of other gases.  While they rarely reach populated areas in lethal concentrations, sulfur dioxide can travel downwind and react with the atmosphere to form acid rain that causes corrosion and a host of other problems.  Carbon dioxide is heavier than air and tends to collect in depressions, such as valleys, where it can occur in concentrations lethal enough to cause suffocation of people and animals.[39]


In my own travels, during a visit to mountains in New Zealand, I pondered over why there should be seashells high upon them.  Yes, New Zealand is a relatively new country – supposedly it slowly rose from the ocean 26 million years ago.  But how are these shells, which easily break beneath my shoes, which I could easily turn into sand, still in one piece after 26 millions of years?  Have they survived earthquakes and weather for such a terribly long time?  Or could the islands of New Zealand have risen only 12,000 years ago?[40]

Graham Hancock found a similar situation at Lake Titicaca, on the border of Peru and Bolivia:

Though now more than two miles above sea level, the area around Lake Titicaca is littered with millions upon millions of fossilized sea shells.  This suggests that at some stage the whole of the Altiplano was forced upwards from the sea-bed, perhaps as part of the general terrestrial rising that formed South America as a whole…[41]

This would be in line with orthodox scientists, who believe that this occurred very slowly 100 million years ago.  But Hancock points out that many of the fish and crustacea in the lake are of a salt-water variety, as if they hadn’t had time to evolve into fresh water types.  Indeed this is the only fresh water location on earth where seahorses live. 

The ancient city of Tiahuanaco, is currently 12 miles distant, and 100 feet higher than the lake.  Yet, this city has ruined docks, which implies that within the civilised history this area was subject to a major upheaval.  It is frightening to think that there are forces that can shift landscapes two miles vertically, and this may have happened 12,000 years ago in South America.


You may have noticed that we haven’t discussed any internal forces that can make the poles shift – I don’t think there are any.  The RB-Effect of James Bowles relies on the pull of the sun and the moon.  I believe the required forces must come from farther away.

Extra-terrestrial forces are infinite and mostly unknown.  If something out there is capable of tilting the Earth, we are yet to discover it.  But there are a few clues.  Global cataclysms have occurred previously, and presumably will happen again.  Any prediction of when must be based on calculable processes.  If the Mayan calendar proves to be prophetic, then this cosmic disturbance must be a regular and predictable occurrence, not a random collision or interaction.  If evolution is caused by cosmic rays (see Chapter XX), then they must be a component of the disturbance.  And if humanity manages to survive each cataclysm, the disturbance’s effect must fall a little short of total annihilation.

And so ends the chapter on poleshifts. Click here to return to the homepage

Related Links

On the Possibility of Very Rapid Shifts of the Poles, by Flavio Barbiero - Technical



1. Opposing Views
2. Immanuel Velikovsky
3. But How Can the Poles Shift?
4. Charles Hapgood and James Bowles
5. Evidence of a Poleshift, Part I
6. Evidence of a Poleshift, Part II

Discuss Survive 2012 at our forum

Give the author your thoughts, and discuss any 2012 ideas with others, at 2012 Forum


Comments from Visitors

Reeve Taylor:
I imagine you're aware of the discoveries made by the Greenland Ice Sheet Project II a few years back. According to those ice cores, there was a 15 degree (f) warming that took place quite suddenly, 11,600 years ago. Following the theory that the pole was in Hudson Bay, this would mean that the area of Greenland where the cores were taken would actually move several thousand kilometers closer to the pole. It seems that things tend to get colder when they go that way. The timing of the temperature change is interestingly on target with the theories on this site, but the geography seems off. (this of course is all assuming that ice cores can accurately show us the climate of the past.) Is there an explanation for any of this? forgive me. I am merely a 14-year-old American with limited knowlede of such things.
(07.06.2004, 02:49)

Interesting number Reeve (11,600 years ago). it was just about 11,600 years ago about when the Vela X supernova was seen on Earth and a very sudden (50 years or so) warming event ended the last Ice Age and marked the start of the present, latest interglacial period, the Holocene age of warm climate and glacial retreat. - - The Abyssinian Highlands, south and southeast of Egypt, called even then Ta-netjer ("God's Land"), is thought by some to be the center of a postulated Sphinx-Giza Civilization. The time also marks the period when the Sphinx was aligned with the constellation of Leo, and this alignment is presently argued by many as providing a timeline for the Sphinx's construction and obvious physical orientation (hotly denied by the classical Egyptologists). Just for discussion's sake one were to provisionally accept a number of these points then there would be a certain consistency to the story that beneath the Sphinx (as presently revealed and confirmed [within the last 3 years by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities], but, officially, unexplored), (and as claimed by Edgar Cayce many years ago) there is a Hall Of Records dating to the time of the great cataclysm that swept over the earth and holding a lot of knowledge. Chambers have been confirmed though in their usual secrecy nothing much has been said publicly and I'm not privy to the appropriate channels. Makes one reflect.
(27.09.2004, 23:57)

bill s:
I think it is more likely that a meteor strike, or possibly a near miss, set in motion all these events simultaneously-ice melting, death of the mammoths and other megafuana, and vocano eruptions. But it hit in the deep ocean somewhere, or grazed the atmosphere, and there is no physical evidence of it.
(01.11.2004, 12:15)

Hope This Helps:
To Site Author: The force that could produce a pole shift is the huge amount of snow and ice precipitated upon the poles! - - Albert Einstein From "The Path of the Pole" by Charles Hapgood stated: " In a polar region there is a continual deposition of ice, which is not symetrically distributed about the pole. The earth"s rotation acts on these unsysmmetrically deposited masses, and produces centrifugal momentum that is transmitted to the rigid crust of the Earth. The constantly increasing centrifugal momentum produced in this way will, when it has reached a certain point, produce a movement of the earth"s crust over the rest of the earth's body." - - I, Hope add: If one was really concerned about pole shift, then one would want to reduce the polar ice and snow mass causing the rotational instability. (This reversing process is called reciprocity.)
(20.11.2004, 18:38)

David Campbell:
Hello everyone, - I came upon this page searching for the original article on the giant oyster fossils found in the Andes. The "Antiquities" article updating the discovery is suddenly inaccessible. I have found similar "oysters" in the shale beds west of Wapanucka, Oklahoma and was told they were: concretions, fossils, modified concretions and manmade bearings. The ones from the Andes seem to be the best match. Then in a bizarre case of synchronicity I found a Dr.David Campbell, a biologist at a university in Maryland pronouncing them bivalves of some sort. Immediately he was rebutted by various geologists and shell experts claiming they were concretions. I've had the same response to much of my material on Anyway I'm pleased to see all the material I've been researching over the last five years put together in one place. Keep up the good work.
(14.12.2004, 19:43)

Jessica Y.:
Who can people really trust? - Which one of you is right? - I for one, would like this question answered... - When the poles shift again, where will be the - safest place to live? What country & area? - What is your answer based on?
(20.01.2005, 10:37)

vaughan cail:
to jessica y - i just made an entry on this on the evidence part one page, but again i beleive that western australia may be the southern area of the pole shift axis, i wont go into details (actually i cant remember many), but this is based on evidence that is prophetic and other evidence that is cultural - perth is the most remote capital city in the world and wa has always been out of synch with the eastern states, they seem to be a little more in line with the americanised world while wa is a little more in line with the new age culture.
(23.02.2005, 00:17)

I think an asteroid hitting earth might be a good candidate for pole displacement - don't think of its dimensions, think of its enormous speed at the time of impact! I think all current impact studies, movies concentrate on the crater, tsunami's, etc. - and miss the displacement effect altogether. Take a ball (a soccer or volleyball one should do), make it spin (as earth spins on its axis), then gently hit it with your finger: you'll see how rotation axis is easily displaced! - You may find it interesting to read "when the sky fell" by Rand and Rose Flem-ath
(03.03.2005, 13:31)

A likely candidate for causing a pole shift is a magnetar. On Dec. 27, 2004, the pulse from a collapsing neutron star 50,000 light years away, impacted Earth. The magnetic field of the Earth "jumped". Google magnetar for more on this amazing event.
(28.05.2005, 23:17)

The comments section is now closed, but you can still email me, or even better, visit 2012 Forum

Script by Alex

[†] Remember, in this book, we are assuming that carbon-dating prior to the last pole shift will be inaccurate.


[34] Folger, Tim; The Biggest Flood, Discover, 15:36, January 1994.

[35]  Volcano World, (sponsored by NASA)

[36] Jaggar, Thomas A., Volcanoes Declare War.  Honolulu, Paradise of the Pacific, (1945), page 113

[37] D. S. Allan & J. B. Delair, When the Earth Nearly Died (1995), p261

[38] Rampino, M. R. and S. Self. Historic eruptions of Tambora (1815), Krakatau (1883), and Agung (1963), their stratospheric aerosols, and climatic impact. Quaternary Research 18:127-143. (1982)


[40] At 1,400 feet (400 meters) altitude in the Andes Mountains of South America, there are high water surf marks lined with undecayed seashells.

[41] Graham Hancock, Fingerprints of the Gods, 1995, page 67




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